Portrait

Biography: 19th Century photographer Sergey Lvovich Levitsky

Biography: 19th Century photographer Sergey Lvovich Levitsky

Sergei Lvovich Levitsky (1819 – 1898), is considered one of the patriarchs of Russian photography and one of Europe’s most important early photographic pioneers, inventors and innovators. His ability to speak several languages allowed him to participate in a government commission to study the composition and therapeutic properties of mineral waters in the Caucasus. On his mission there in 1843,…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Alexander Hesler

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Alexander Hesler

Alexander Hesler (1823–1895) was an American photographer active in the U.S. state of Illinois. He is best known for photographing, in 1858 and 1860, definitive iconic images of the beardless Abraham Lincoln. He was active in the 1850s and early 1860s, learned daguerrotype and ambrotype photography; however, in company with many of his fellow craftspeople, he was trained in glass…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Georg Emil Hansen

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Georg Emil Hansen

Georg Emil Hansen (1833–1891) was one of Denmark’s pioneering photographers in the second half of the 19th century. He had his own studio in Copenhagen and later became a successful court photographer. Hansen learnt the art of daguerreotyping from his father C.C. Hansen who had begun to produce daguerreotypes in 1849. After studying photography in Germany, in 1854 he helped…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Jeremiah Gurney

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Jeremiah Gurney

Jeremiah Gurney (1812 – 1895), was an American daguerreotype photographer operating in New York. Gurney worked in the jewelry trade in Little Falls, New York, but soon moved his business to New York City and shortly after turned to photography, having been instructed and inspired by Samuel Morse. He was one of the pioneering practitioners of the daguerreotype process, opening…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri

André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (1819 – 1889) was a French photographer who started his photographic career as a daguerreotypist but gained greater fame for patenting his version of the carte de visite, a small photographic image which was mounted on a card. Disdéri, a brilliant showman, made this system of mass-production portraiture world famous. Photographs had previously served as calling cards, but…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Cornelius

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Cornelius

Robert Cornelius (1809 – 1893) was an American pioneer of photography and a lamp manufacturer. Cornelius attended private school as a youth, taking a particular interest in chemistry. In 1831, he began working for his father, specializing in silver plating and metal polishing. He became so well renowned for his work that shortly after the daguerrotype was invented, Cornelius was…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Jefferson Bingham

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Jefferson Bingham

Robert Jefferson Bingham (1824 – 1870) was an English pioneer photographer, mainly active in France, making portraits and reproductions of paintings. He is one of the first photographers to use and write about the collodion process, which he claimed to have invented. In 1847, he published a new edition of Photogenic manipulation, containing the theory and plain instructions in the…
Biography: 19th Century Pioneer German Women photographer Emilie Bieber

Biography: 19th Century Pioneer German Women photographer Emilie Bieber

Emilie Bieber (1810–1884) was a pioneering German photographer who opened a studio in Hamburg as early as 1852. On 16 September 1852, Bieber opened a daguerrotype studio at 26, Großen Bäckerstraße in Hamburg at a time when photography was practiced almost exclusively by men. As a result, she was one of the very first women to become a professional photographer…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Richard Beard

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Richard Beard

Richard Beard (1801 – 1885) was an English entrepreneur and photographer who vigorously protected his photographic business by litigation over his photographic patents and helped to establish professional photography in the UK. In 1839, Beard took an interest in the frenzy of public excitement over the first announcements of practical photographic processes by Daguerre and Talbot. In early 1840, Beard…
Biography: 19th Century Royal photographer William Bambridge

Biography: 19th Century Royal photographer William Bambridge

William Bambridge (1820 – 1879) was born in Windsor, Berkshire, England. In 1848 Bambridge joined the studio of William Fox Talbot in the castle at Windsor. In 1854, he was appointed the Royal Photographer to Queen Victoria, remaining in the Queen’s employment for 14 years. His subjects include not only members of the Royal family and their pets but also…
Biography: 19th Century Danish Daguerreotypist Mads Alstrup

Biography: 19th Century Danish Daguerreotypist Mads Alstrup

Mads Alstrup (1808-1876) was the first Danish portrait photographer with his own studio. In the summer of 1842, he moved to Copenhagen and set up a daguerreotype studio behind the Hercules Pavilion in the Rosenborg Gardens. In this popular area of the city, he had no difficulty in finding clients interested in having their portraits taken. From 1843 to 1848,…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer David Wilkie Wynfield

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer David Wilkie Wynfield

David Wilkie Wynfield (1837–1887) was a British painter and photographer. Wynfield was distantly related to the Scottish artist David Wilkie, after whom he was named. Born in India, he was originally intended by his family for the priesthood, but instead chose art as a profession. He studied at Leigh’s art school in the 1850s and his first painting was accepted…
Biography: 19th Century pioneer Czech photographer Alexander Seik

Biography: 19th Century pioneer Czech photographer Alexander Seik

Alexander Seik (1824 – 1905), also known as Alex Sejk was a pioneer of Czech photography, one of foremost exponents of chromophotography, painter and mayor of city Tábor. In 1855, he moved to Tábor. His studio, where the Hotel Palcát now stands, became very popular. Most of his work was making portraits, mostly in Carte de visite format. He also…
Biography: 19th Century Daguerreotype Portrait photographer Marcus Aurelius Root

Biography: 19th Century Daguerreotype Portrait photographer Marcus Aurelius Root

Marcus Aurelius Root (1808–1888) was a writing teacher and photographer. He was born in Granville, Ohio and died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On 20 June 1846, he bought John Jabez Edwin Mayall’s Chestnut Street photography studio that was in the same building as Root’s residence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Root had success as a daguerreotypist working with his brother, Samuel Root. Marcus…
Biography: 19th Century photographer Elizabeth Pulman

Biography: 19th Century photographer Elizabeth Pulman

Elizabeth Pulman (1836–1900) was a British-born New Zealand photographer. She was regarded as being the country’s first female professional photographer. She owned a photographic studio in Auckland along with her husband George Pulman. Elizabeth married John Blackman, a widower and reporter, on 14 June 1875, at the West Tamaki Presbyterian Church. They had one son. Originally from Surrey, England, Blackman…
Biography: 19th Century pioneer photographer Johann Pucher

Biography: 19th Century pioneer photographer Johann Pucher

Johann Pucher (1814-1864) was a Slovene photographer who invented an unusual process for making photographs on glass. As a schoolchild, Pucher was interested in art, languages, and the natural sciences, especially chemistry and physics. He wanted to study art, but obeyed his mother’s wish and became a Catholic priest. However, he continued to experiment in photography, art, and music. When…
Biography: 19th Century African-American daguerreotypist Augustus Washington

Biography: 19th Century African-American daguerreotypist Augustus Washington

Augustus Washington (1820 – 1875) was an African-American photographer and daguerreotypist, who later in his career emigrated to Liberia. Washington grew up in the Americas of the 1820s, a time when African Americans were denied even the most basic rights. Against all convention, all he wanted to do was study. He struggled to get admission into various educational institutions across…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Lina Jonn

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Lina Jonn

Lina Jonn, birth name Carolina Johnsson, (1861–1896) was an early Swedish photographer. Jonn appears to have learnt photography in Paris but her first professional work was in the Swedish city of Helsingborg where she joined the Finnish photographer Per Alexis Brandt who ran a studio there. In 1891, she opened her own studio in Lund which soon attracted many influential…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Pietro Marubi

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Pietro Marubi

Pietro Marubi (1834 – 1903) was an Italian painter and photographer who, as a supporter of Garibaldi, had emigrated from Piacenza, Italy, to Shkodra for political reasons around the year 1850. There, he founded a photo business, Foto Marubi, with cameras he had brought with him, using the wet plate collodion process, the standard method of photography across Europe. The…
Biography: 19th Century Daguerreotype Studio – Southworth & Hawes

Biography: 19th Century Daguerreotype Studio – Southworth & Hawes

Albert Sands Southworth (1811-1894) and Josiah Johnson Hawes (1808-1901) operated a daguerreotype studio together in Boston, MA. They are considered the finest American portrait photographers of the nineteenth century. Southworth & Hawes worked almost exclusively in the daguerreotype process. Working in the 8 ½ x 6 ½ inch whole plate format, their images are brilliant, mirror-like, and finely detailed. Writing…