Photography Masters

Biography: Herbert List

Biography: Herbert List

Herbert List (October 7, 1903–April 4, 1975) was a German photographer, who worked for magazines, including Vogue, Harper’s Bazaar, and Life, and was associated with Magnum Photos. Herbert List was a classically educated artist who combined a love of photography with a fascination for surrealism and classicism. Born into a prosperous Hamburg merchant family, List began an apprenticeship at a…
Biography: Documentary photographer Federico Peliti

Biography: Documentary photographer Federico Peliti

Federico Peliti (1844-1914) was an Italian photographer. He was born near Turin, in Northern Italy, and went to India in 1868 as a caterer to the Viceroy, the Earl of Mayo. After the assassination of the Viceroy, he established himself as an independent caterer and hotel director, with establishments in Calcutta and Simla. His Simla restaurant is mentioned in Rudyard…
Biography: Nude/Portrait photographer E. J. Bellocq

Biography: Nude/Portrait photographer E. J. Bellocq

E. J. Bellocq (1873 – 1949) was an American professional photographer who worked in New Orleans during the early 20th century. Knowledge of E. J. Bellocq barely transcends the level of rumor. This is true in the case of many exceptional photographers of the past, and it is especially true of professional photographers, who were less likely than amateurs (and…
Biography: Documentary photographer Dorothea Lange

Biography: Documentary photographer Dorothea Lange

Dorothea Lange (May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Lange’s photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography. She studied photography at Columbia University and worked at a New York portrait studio until 1918…
Biography: City Life photographer Berenice Abbott

Biography: City Life photographer Berenice Abbott

Berenice Abbott (July 17, 1898 – December 9, 1991), was an American photographer best known for her black-and-white photography of New York City architecture and urban design of the 1930s. Abbott studied for one year at Ohio State University, Columbus, before moving to New York in 1918 to study sculpture. While in New York, Abbott met Marcel Duchamp and Man…
Biography: Street photographer Garry Winogrand

Biography: Street photographer Garry Winogrand

Garry Winogrand (14 January 1928, New York City – 19 March 1984, Tijuana, Mexico) was a street photographer known for his portrayal of the United States in the mid-20th century. Winogrand’s subject was America. He documented the city and the urban landscape, concentrating on its unusual people and capturing odd juxtapositions of animate and inanimate objects. Winogrand began photographing in…
Biography: Josef Koudelka

Biography: Josef Koudelka

Josef Koudelka (born January 10, 1938) is a Czech photographer. He was trained at the Technical University in Prague and worked as an aeronautical engineer in Prague and Bratislava from 1961-67. He had been able to obtain an old Rolleiflex and in 1961, while working as a theater photographer in Prague, he also started a detailed study of the gypsies…
Biography: Nude photographer Clarence Hudson White

Biography: Nude photographer Clarence Hudson White

Clarence Hudson White (April 8, 1871 – July 7, 1925) was an American photographer and a founding member of the Photo-Secession movement. During his lifetime he was widely recognized as a master of the art form for his consummate sentimental, pictorial portraits and for his excellence as a teacher of photography. Toward the end of his career he founded the…
Biography: Eugene Atget

Biography: Eugene Atget

Eugène Atget (February 12, 1857 – August 4, 1927) was a French pioneer of documentary photography, noted for his determination to document all of the architecture and street scenes of Paris before their disappearance to modernization. He became obsessed with making what he modestly called “documents” of the city and its environs, and compiling a visual compendium of the architecture,…
Biography: Alfred Stieglitz

Biography: Alfred Stieglitz

Alfred Stieglitz ( born January 1, 1864 in Hoboken, New Jersey – July 13, 1946) was an American photographer, art dealer, publisher, advocate for the Modernist movement in the arts. He was the son of Edward Stieglitz, a German Jew who came to the United States in 1849 and went on to make a comfortable fortune in the clothing business.…
Biography: Portrait photographer Adolph de Meyer

Biography: Portrait photographer Adolph de Meyer

Adolph de Meyer (1st September 1868 – 6 January 1946) was a photographer famed for his elegant photographic portraits in the early 20th century. He was also the first official fashion photographer for the American magazine Vogue, appointed to that position in 1913. Although de Meyer habitually fictionalized his biographical information, it is fairly certain that he was educated in…
Biography: BRASSAI

Biography: BRASSAI

Brassai (pseudonym of Gyula Halasz) (9 September 1899 — 8 July 1984) was a Hungarian photographer, sculptor, and filmmaker who rose to international fame in France in the 20th century. He was one of the numerous Hungarian artists who flourished in Paris beginning between the World Wars. In the early 21st century, the discovery of more than 200 letters and…
Biography: People photographer Adam Clark Vroman

Biography: People photographer Adam Clark Vroman

Adam Clark Vroman was born April 15, 1856, in La Salle, Illinois. Died July 24, 1916, in Altadena, California. Vroman started working for the Railroad in 1874. In 1892, to improve his wife’s health, they moved to Pasadena, California. He began taking photographs in 1892. In 1895 he started work on a complete series of the California missions. That summer…
Biography: Portrait photographer Diane Arbus

Biography: Portrait photographer Diane Arbus

Diane Arbus (March 14, 1923 – July 26, 1971) was an American photographer and writer noted for black-and-white square photographs of “deviant and marginal people (dwarfs, giants, transgender people, nudists, circus performers) or of people whose normality seems ugly or surreal”. Arbus believed that a camera could be “a little bit cold, a little bit harsh” but its scrutiny revealed…
Biography: City Life/Street photographer Vivian Maier

Biography: City Life/Street photographer Vivian Maier

Vivian Maier (February 1, 1926 – April 21, 2009) was an American amateur street photographer, who was born in New York City, but grew up in France. After returning to the United States, she worked for approximately forty years as a nanny in Chicago, Illinois. During those years, she took more than 100,000 photographs, primarily of people and cityscapes in…
Biography: Andre Kertesz

Biography: Andre Kertesz

André Kertész (2 July 1894 – 28 September 1985), born Kertész Andor, was a Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay. In the early years of his career, his then-unorthodox camera angles and style prevented his work from gaining wider recognition. Kertész never felt that he had gained the worldwide recognition he deserved.…
Biography: Nude photographer Frantisek Drtikol

Biography: Nude photographer Frantisek Drtikol

Frantisek Drtikol (1883 – 1961) was a Czech photographer especially known for his nudes and portraits. Dritikol was born in 1883 in a mining town in what was then the Austro-Hungarian Empire, he rose to become a prominent artist and famed portraiture photographer. Drtikol grew up with a desire to draw and paint. After a period of military service, he…
Biography: War photographer Robert Capa

Biography: War photographer Robert Capa

Robert Capa (October 22, 1913 – May 25, 1954) was a Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist who covered five different wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. He documented the course of World War II in London, North Africa, Italy, the Battle of Normandy…
Biography: Street photographer Helen Levitt

Biography: Street photographer Helen Levitt

Helen Levitt (August 31, 1913 – March 29, 2009) was an American photographer. She was particularly noted for “street photography” around New York City, and has been called “the most celebrated and least known photographer of her time.” She realized from conversations with Cartier-Bresson that photography could be an art form in itself and did not always have to be…
Biography: Architecture photographer Samuel Gottscho

Biography: Architecture photographer Samuel Gottscho

Samuel Herman Gottscho (February 8, 1875 – January 28, 1971) was an American architectural, landscape, and nature photographer. After attending several architectural photograph exhibitions, Gottscho decided to perfect and improve his own work and sought out several architects and landscape architects. After twenty-three years as a traveling lace and fabric salesman, Gottscho became a professional commercial photographer at the age…