Vintage: Historic B&W photos of Calcutta, India (1890s)

Vintage: Historic B&W photos of Calcutta, India (1890s)


Throughout the late 18th and 19th century, the city was a centre of the East India Company’s opium trade.

By the 1850s, Calcutta had two areas: White Town, which was primarily British and centred on Chowringhee and Dalhousie Square; and Black Town, mainly Indian and centred on North Calcutta. The city underwent rapid industrial growth starting in the early 1850s, especially in the textile and jute industries; this encouraged British companies to massively invest in infrastructure projects, which included telegraph connections and Howrah railway station. The coalescence of British and Indian culture resulted in the emergence of a new babu class of urbane Indians, whose members were often bureaucrats, professionals, newspaper readers, and Anglophiles; they usually belonged to upper-caste Hindu communities. In the 19th century, the Bengal Renaissance brought about an increased sociocultural sophistication among city denizens. In 1883, Calcutta was host to the first national conference of the Indian National Association, the first avowed nationalist organisation in India.

Calcutta. Harrison Road.

Calcutta. Harrison Road. – 19th century

Calcutta. Harrison Road.

Calcutta. Harrison Road. – 19th century

Calcutta. Upper Chitpore Road

Calcutta. Upper Chitpore Road – 19th century

Calcutta. Peel's Monument

Calcutta. Peel’s Monument – 19th century

Calcutta. Nirmahal Ghat

Calcutta. Nirmahal Ghat – 19th century

Calcutta. Harbour. Steamers

Calcutta. Harbour. Steamers – 19th century

Calcutta. Harbour. Steamers

Calcutta. Harbour. Steamers – 19th century

Calcutta. Harbour. Sailing-ships

Calcutta. Harbour. Sailing-ships – 19th century

Calcutta. Hughlee boats

Calcutta. Hughlee boats – 19th century

Calcutta. High Court seen from Eden Garden

Calcutta. High Court seen from Eden Garden – 19th century

Calcutta Eden Garden with Burmese pagoda

Calcutta Eden Garden with Burmese pagoda – 19th century

Calcutta. Maliks Ghat

Calcutta. Maliks Ghat – 19th century

Calcutta. Bengal village

Calcutta. Bengal village – 19th century


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