Vintage: Early XX Century Flying Machines

Vintage: Early XX Century Flying Machines


Gustave Weißkopf was a German who emigrated to the U.S., where he soon changed his name to Whitehead. From 1897 to 1915, he designed and built flying machines and engines. On 14 August 1901, Whitehead claimed to have carried out a controlled, powered flight in his Number 21 monoplane at Fairfield, Connecticut. An account of the flight appeared in the Bridgeport Sunday Herald and was repeated in newspapers throughout the world. Whitehead claimed two more flights on 17 January 1902, using his Number 22 monoplane. He described it as having a 40 horsepower (30 kW) motor with twin tractor propellers and controlled by differential propeller speed and rudder. He claimed to have flown a 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) circle.

For many years the Whitehead claims were ignored or dismissed by mainstream aviation historians. In March 2013, Jane’s All the World’s Aircraft published an editorial which accepted Whitehead’s flight as the first manned, powered, controlled flight of a heavier-than-air craft.

Robart, 1908

Robart, 1908

Da Silva 1909

Da Silva, 1909

Sloan 1910

Sloan, 1910

Stoeckel 1909

Stoeckel, 1909

Witzig-Liore-Dutilleul

Witzig-Liore-Dutilleul

Mr Attwood taking off, ca. 1910-1915

Mr Attwood taking off, ca. 1910-1915

The Willoughby Hydro-aeroplane. Pelican, ca. 1910-1915.

The Willoughby Hydro-aeroplane. Pelican, ca. 1910-1915.

Albessard

Albessard

Autostable

Autostable

Bertrand U1

Bertrand U1

Dorand 1908

Dorand, 1908

Gilbert

Gilbert

Givaudan 1909

Givaudan, 1909

Kluytmants No. 18, ca. 1909

Kluytmants No. 18, ca. 1909

Paulhan 1911

Paulhan, 1911

Belin

Belin

De Puiseux When bicycling and gliding collide.

De Puiseux When bicycling and gliding collide.

Robart 1908

Robart 1908

Sanchez Besa 1912

Sanchez Besa, 1912

Sylphe 1911

Sylphe, 1911

Vaniman

Vaniman

Vedovelli 1911

Vedovelli, 1911

Jourdan 1911

Jourdan, 1911

Jourdan 1911

Jourdan, 1911

Kauffmann No. 1 1910

Kauffmann No. 1 1910

Moisant 1909

Moisant, 1909

Moisant 1909

Moisant, 1909

Paulhan 1911

Paulhan, 1911


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