Despite the preparations taken shortly before Typhoon Haiyan entered the Philippines, the scale of destruction and the death toll were enormous. On November 8, 2013 the city of Tacloban in the Region of Eastern Visayas, 580 km southeast of Manila. was hit by the typhoon with full force. A US Marine air survey made on the next day revealed dead bodies scattered on the streets, and said that virtually no structure had been left undamaged. A state of emergency was declared, but the local government virtually collapsed, and the city found itself in a state of severe humanitarian crisis. A storm surge largely destroyed the local airport, though it kept functioning as an evacuation center. In the region of Visayas 1.9 million were left homeless and more than 6,000,000 displaced.