First Chechen War (1994–1996)

First Chechen War (1994–1996)


The First Chechen War, also known as the War in Chechnya, was a conflict between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, fought from December 1994 to August 1996. After the initial campaign of 1994–1995, culminating in the devastating Battle of Grozny, Russian federal forces attempted to seize control of the mountainous area of Chechnya but were set back by Chechen guerrilla warfare and raids on the flatlands despite Russia’s overwhelming manpower, weaponry, and air support. The resulting widespread demoralization of federal forces and the almost universal opposition of the Russian public to the conflict led Boris Yeltsin’s government to declare a ceasefire with the Chechens in 1996 and sign a peace treaty a year later.

German photographer Thomas Dworzak documented the conflict in Chechnya beetwen 1994–1996.

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GEORGIA. Chechnya. Urus-Martan region. Blockade for invading Russian Army.

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12/1994. Near Goragorsk. Northern Chechnya. Chechen fighters praying during a nearby Russian air raid.

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12/1994. Near Goragorsk. Northern Chechnya. Chechen fighters praying during a nearby Russian air raid.

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Town of Grozny. Civilians fleeing the fighting.

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Town of Grozny. Mass grave of several hundred, mostly Russian, civilians killed during the Russian storm of Grozny. An elderly Russian woman.

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08/1996. Grozny. A Chechen fighter waves victoriously at departing Russian soldiers.

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RUSSIA – Chechnya 08-09 1996 Grozny Chechen rebells take Grozny back from the Russian Army, the Russians leave and the Chechens celebrate independence. Civilians fleeing through the burning oil-fields.

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RUSSIA – Chechnya 08-09 1996 Grozny Chechen rebells take Grozny back from the Russian Army, the Russians leave and the Chechens celebrate independence. Civilians fleeing under attck from Russian army.

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08/1996. Grozny. Bodies of Russian soldiers who had been executed by Chechen fighters. “The Three Idiots” monument can be seen behind them. It commemorates the foundation of the Soviet Republic of Checheno-Ingushetia by representing a Chechen, an Ingush and a Russian bolchevik standing together.

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RUSSIA – Chechnya -03 1996 Shatoi Chechnya under the Russian occupation. Fighters and civilians in free area in the mountains.

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08/1996. Grozny. Chechen civilians at their bunker during a lull in the fighting.

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08/1996. Grozny. Chechen civilians fleeing the bombing of Grozny find themselves under attack from Russian mortar fire.

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RUSSIA – Chechnya 08-09 1996 Grozny Chechen rebells take Grozny back from the Russian Army, the Russians leave and the Chechens celebrate independence. Chechen fighters roaming the streets.

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RUSSIA – Chechnya -04-07 1996 near Itum-Kale Chechnya under the Russian occupation. Chechen fighters in the Mountains.

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08/1996. Grozny. An Elderly Chechen who had stepped on a mine whilst trying to flee the fighting.


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