Biography: 19th Century British India photographer Fred Bremner

Biography: 19th Century British India photographer Fred Bremner


Fred Bremner (1863-1941) was a Scottish photographer. His portraiture work in British India, spanning 1882 to 1922, preserves a record of life in the period.

In 1882, Bremner accepted an offer of work from his brother-in-law G. W. Lawrie, who ran a successful photography business in Lucknow, and he was assigned work throughout northern India (modern India and Pakistan).

In 1889, Bremner established his own photographic studio in Karachi, and successively studios in Quetta, Lahore and Rawalpindi. He travelled great distances to rarely photographed areas, and his work therefore captures a scarce record of rural life, landscapes and people in late 19th and early 20th century India.

A woodcarver in Kashmir photographed by Fred Bremner in about 1896.

A woodcarver in Kashmir photographed by Fred Bremner in about 1896.

Sir Mir Mohammad Khan, Khan (ruling chief) of Kalat (in Baluchistan), c. 1894

Sir Mir Mohammad Khan, Khan (ruling chief) of Kalat (in Baluchistan), c. 1894

His Highness the Khan of Kalat and Sons, by Fred Bremner.

His Highness the Khan of Kalat and Sons, by Fred Bremner.

Lucknow to Lahore

Lucknow to Lahore. Photo by Fred Bremner

Mending the nets

Mending the nets. Photo by Fred Bremner

A group of men draw carpet designs.

A group of men draw carpet designs. Photo by Fred Bremner

A man uses a rope to cross the River Jheulum in Kashmir in 1896.

A man uses a rope to cross the River Jheulum in Kashmir in 1896. Photo by Fred Bremner

Pictured is the fruit market at Quetta Bazaar in 1900.

Pictured is the fruit market at Quetta Bazaar in 1900. Photo by Fred Bremner

Nawab Sultan Kaikhusrau Jahan, Begum of Bhopal in 1922. She is seen here in full state dress in her palace in Bhopal, India.

Nawab Sultan Kaikhusrau Jahan, Begum of Bhopal in 1922. She is seen here in full state dress in her palace in Bhopal, India. Photo by Fred Bremner

Kashmiri dancer, 1924. Photo by Fred Bremner

Kashmiri dancer, 1924. Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner

Photo by Fred Bremner


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