Photography Masters

Biography: Documentary photographer José Medeiros

Biography: Documentary photographer José Medeiros

José Medeiros was born in 1921 in Teresina (Nordeste). His father taught him photograph techniques when he was only 12. At the age of 18, he moved to Rio to study architecture but followed his passion and began working with reviews, taking photos of celebrities. After the war, the French photographer Jean Manzon invited him to join the new review…
Biography: French pioneer photographer Charles Nègre

Biography: French pioneer photographer Charles Nègre

Charles Nègre (1820–1880) was a pioneering photographer born in Grasse, France. He studied painting under Ingres and Delaroche, another of whose pupils, Gustave Le Gray, introduced him to photography. After a short period of making daguerreotypes, he embraced the calotype process, becoming adept at retouching negatives and printing. He used his pictures as aids to painting and developed his skills…
Biography: pioneer Antarctic photographer Herbert G. Ponting

Biography: pioneer Antarctic photographer Herbert G. Ponting

Herbert George Ponting (1870 – 1935) was a Brisitsh photographer. He is best known as the expedition photographer and cinematographer for Robert Falcon Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition to the Ross Sea and South Pole (1910–1913). In this role, he captured some of the most enduring images of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. After winning several photographic contests he was…
Biography: photographer Harold Feinstein

Biography: photographer Harold Feinstein

Harold Martin Feinstein (1931 – 2015) was an American photographer. At the age of 15 he began to practice photography. He joined the Photo League where he received his education in the field. By 19 he had his work purchased by Edward Steichen for the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art. Feinstein had his first exhibitions at the…
Biography: pioneer Aerial photographer Eduard Spelterini

Biography: pioneer Aerial photographer Eduard Spelterini

Eduard Spelterini (1852 – 1931) was a Swiss pioneer of ballooning and of aerial photography. Spelterini was very talented musically and had such a beautiful voice that he enrolled at the Paris Conservatorium for three years of singing tuition, where he was one of the top students. Then he fell ill with Tuberculosis and the young man was forced into…
Biography: Portrait photographer Laure Albin Guillot

Biography: Portrait photographer Laure Albin Guillot

Laure Albin Guillot (1879 – 1962) was a French photographer. In 1897 she married Dr Albin Guillot, a specialist in microscopy. Working from her studio at her home on Rue du Ranelagh, she published her first fashion photographs in the French edition of Vogue in 1922. From 1924 to 1950, she exhibited regularly at the Salon international de photographie and…
Biography: Soviet Spy and City Life photographer Edith Tudor Hart

Biography: Soviet Spy and City Life photographer Edith Tudor Hart

Edith Tudor-Hart (1908–1973) was an Austrian-British photographer, communist-sympathiser and spy for the Soviet Union. Being a Soviet agent doesn’t seem to have come naturally to the photographer Edith Tudor-Hart (née Suschitzky). For one thing she used the code name “Edith”, which was not subtle. For another, when she moved to London from her native Vienna in 1933 she liked to…
Biography: pictorial photographer Emma Justine Farnsworth

Biography: pictorial photographer Emma Justine Farnsworth

Emma J. Farnsworth (1860-1952) was an American photographer from Albany, New York. Farnsworth had training in the arts. After receiving her first camera in 1890, her photographs were displayed at the World’s Columbian Exposition (1893). Before the end of the decade, she had been awarded almost 30 medals at various exhibitions in the world. Her work was also displayed at…
Biography: Nudes/Portrait photographer Robert Mapplethorpe

Biography: Nudes/Portrait photographer Robert Mapplethorpe

Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-1989) was born in New York. He earned a B.F.A. from Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, where he produced artwork in a variety of media, mainly collage. The shift to photography as Mapplethorpe’s sole means of expression happened gradually during the mid-seventies. He took his first photographs of his close friend, the singer-artist-poet Patti Smith, using a Polaroid camera,…
Biography: photojournalist Marc Riboud

Biography: photojournalist Marc Riboud

Marc Riboud (1923 – 2016) was a French photographer. Riboud was born in Saint-Genis-Laval and went to the lycée in Lyon. He photographed his first picture in 1937, using his father’s Vest Pocket Kodak camera. In 1943 the 20-year-old Riboud joined the French Resistance, and was part of the Maquis forces in Vercors. After the war he studied engineering at…
Biography: Street/Portrait photographer Christer Strömholm

Biography: Street/Portrait photographer Christer Strömholm

Christer Strömholm (1918 – 2002 in Stockholm), was a Swedish photographer and educator. He is known for his intimate black and white street photography portrait series. Strömholm discovered photography via graphic art in the late 1940s. His photographs from this period are hard black-and-white compositions featuring walls, shadows and minimalist settings. During his sojourns in Paris in the 1950s and…
Biography: City Life photographer Fred Lyon

Biography: City Life photographer Fred Lyon

Fred Lyon was born in San Francisco in 1924. During WWII, Lyon served as a Navy photographer in Washington, D.C. His news and feature stories were released to wire services and national magazines. Lyon covered White House press events, and has captured five U.S. presidents during his career. After the war Lyon moved to New York. At the Philip Wilcox…
Biography: pioneer paparazzo Ron Galella

Biography: pioneer paparazzo Ron Galella

Ronald Galella (born January 10, 1931) is an American photographer, known as a pioneer paparazzo. Dubbed “Paparazzo Extraordinaire” by Newsweek and “the Godfather of the U.S. paparazzi culture” by Time magazine and Vanity Fair, he is regarded as the most controversial celebrity photographer in the world.
Biography: Pictorial photographer Harold Cazneaux

Biography: Pictorial photographer Harold Cazneaux

Harold Cazneaux (1878 – 1953) was an Australian pictorialist photographer; a pioneer whose style had an indelible impact on the development of Australian photographic history. Cazneaux moved to Sydney in 1904 and worked in Freeman & Co. Ltd’s studio, becoming manager and chief operator. On 1 September 1905 at Lewisham he married Mabel Winifred Hodge. In his leisure time he…
Biography: photographer Toni Schneiders

Biography: photographer Toni Schneiders

Toni Schneiders (1920-2006) was one of the most important photographers in postwar Germany, known primarily as a member of the group Fotoform, which he co-founded with Otto Steinert, Peter Keetman, Siegfried Lauterwasser, Wolfgang Reisewitz and Ludwig Windstosser in 1949, and which was pivotal in the renewal of German photography after Nazism. Schneiders’ photographs are distinguished by their clear compositional form…
Biography: Architecture photographer Marcel Gautherot

Biography: Architecture photographer Marcel Gautherot

Marcel Gautherot (1910 – 1996) was a French-Brazilian photographer. Initially studied architecture, subsequently dedicating himself to photography. He came to Brazil in 1940, his interest in the country awakened by reading the novel Jubiabá, by Jorge Amado (1912 – 2001). After a brief journey around the Amazon, he settled in Rio de Janeiro. He executed photographic documentation projects for the…
Biography: Nudes/Portrait photographer Andre de Dienes

Biography: Nudes/Portrait photographer Andre de Dienes

Andre de Dienes (1913 – 1985) was a Romanian American photographer, noted for his work with Marilyn Monroe and his nude photography. Born in Romania, André De Dienes arrived in Paris in 1933, making a living of selling photographs to publishing houses. He worked for The Associated Press until 1936 when the famous Parisian couturier, Edward Molyneux, encouraged De Dienes…
Biography: Documentary photographer Willem van de Poll

Biography: Documentary photographer Willem van de Poll

Willem van de Poll (1895 – 1970) was a Dutch photographer. During his long professional life, Willem van de Poll occupied himself with press, travel and advertisement photography. He was also head of the photography service of the Netherlands Armed Forces and a photographer of the Netherlands royal family. He worked for press agencies and many journals and magazines. He…
Biography: German photographer Albert Renger-Patzsch

Biography: German photographer Albert Renger-Patzsch

Albert Renger-Patzsch (1897 – 1966) was a German photographer associated with the New Objectivity. Renger-Patzsch experimented with photography as a teenager. After serving in World War I, he studied chemistry at Dresden Technical College. In 1920 he became director of the picture archive at the Folkwang publishing house in Hagen. In 1925 Renger-Patzsch began to pursue photography as a full-time…
Biography: Architecture photographer Drahomir Josef Ruzicka

Biography: Architecture photographer Drahomir Josef Ruzicka

Drahomír Joseph Ruzicka (1870 – 1960) was born in Bohemia. At age six he moved with his family to a farm near Wahoo, Nebraska, a state that drew many Czech immigrants. In 1882, the young Ruzicka went to New York to finish high school, then to Vienna for college, and graduated from New York University with a medical degree in…