Miscellaneous

Biography: 19th Century photographer John Carbutt

Biography: 19th Century photographer John Carbutt

John Carbutt (1832-1905) was the first person to use celluloid for photographic film. Carbutt founded the Keystone Dry Plate Works in 1879 and was the first to develop sheets of celluloid coated with photographic emulsion for making celluloid film in 1888. Carbutt sliced thin plates from a rigid celluloid block, and then coated them with a silver gelatin emulsion to…
Biography: 19th Century Pioneer of Underwater photography – Louis Boutan

Biography: 19th Century Pioneer of Underwater photography – Louis Boutan

Louis Boutan (1859 – 1934) was a French pioneer in the field of underwater photography. In 1880, he was named deputy head assigned to organize the French exhibit at the Melbourne International Exhibition (1880). He stayed in Australia for 18 months, travelling the continent and identifying new animal species. In 1886, Boutan was named maître de conférences at the University…
Biography: photographer Roger Schall

Biography: photographer Roger Schall

Roger Schall (1904-1995) was a renowned French photographer of the 1930s & 1940s. He worked in all photographic disciplines from fashion, portraits, nudes, still life and reportage. In the early 30s, the “revolution” Leica and Rolleiflex allowed him to fulfill his passion for images taken on the spot. Paris was his main exploration ground, where the night allowed him to…
Biography: 19th Century Inventor of photography Hippolyte Bayard

Biography: 19th Century Inventor of photography Hippolyte Bayard

Hippolyte Bayard (1801 – 1887) was a French pioneer of photography. He invented his own process that produced direct positive paper prints in the camera and presented the world’s first public exhibition of photographs on 24 June 1839. He claimed to have invented photography earlier than Daguerre in France and Talbot in England, the men traditionally credited with its invention.…
Biography: 19th Century Aerial photographer Arthur Batut

Biography: 19th Century Aerial photographer Arthur Batut

Arthur Batut (1846 – 1918) was a French photographer and pioneer of aerial photography. His book on kite aerial photography appeared in 1890 and contained an aerial photograph taken in 1889 from a kite over Labruguière, where he spent most his life until he died there in 1918. It is believed that in 1887 or 1888 he was the first…
Biography: 19th Century photographic studio Šechtl and Voseček

Biography: 19th Century photographic studio Šechtl and Voseček

The photographic studio Šechtl and Voseček was founded in Tábor (Bohemia) in 1888 by Ignác Šechtl, who accepted his assistant Jan Voseček as co-member of his photographic studio. The history of Šechtl & Voseček Studios goes back to 1863, when Ignác Schächtl (1840 – 1911) made the decision to leave his work as a clerk in Prague, to study the…
Biography: 19th Century Swiss photographer Pierre Rossier

Biography: 19th Century Swiss photographer Pierre Rossier

Pierre Joseph Rossier (1829 – 1898) was a pioneering Swiss photographer whose albumen photographs, which include stereographs and cartes-de-visite, comprise portraits, cityscapes, and landscapes. He was long thought to be from France and while he was in Japan he was even referred to as an “Englishman”; however, recent research has revealed that Rossier was Swiss, born in Grandsivaz, a small…
Biography: 19th Century Motion photographer Eadweard Muybridge

Biography: 19th Century Motion photographer Eadweard Muybridge

Eadweard Muybridge (1830 – 1904) was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection. He adopted the first name Eadweard as the original Anglo-Saxon form of Edward, and the surname Muybridge believing it to be similarly archaic. Muybridge emigrated to the United States at the age of 20, arriving…
Biography: 19th Century Australian photographer Charles Kerry

Biography: 19th Century Australian photographer Charles Kerry

Charles Kerry (1857 – 1928) began working in the Sydney photo studio of A.H. Lamartiniere in 1875. When Lamartiniere fled from creditors a few years later, Kerry took charge of the company, paying debts and turning around the business. Initially Kerry specialised in portraits but branched into photographing Sydney scenery and society. He was also active in the postcard business.…
Biography: photographer John Watt Beattie

Biography: photographer John Watt Beattie

John Watt Beattie (1859 – 1930) was an Australian photographer. Beattie was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. He was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Tasmania in 1890. He was appointed Photographer to the Government of Tasmania on 21 December 1896. He did extensive photography around Tasmania, as well as in the Central Highlands and on the West…
Biography: 19th Century photographer James Craig Annan

Biography: 19th Century photographer James Craig Annan

James Craig Annan (1864 – 1946) was a pioneering Scottish-born photographer and Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society. The second son of photographer Thomas Annan, James Craig Annan was born at Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, on 8 March 1864. He was educated at Hamilton Academy before studying chemistry and natural philosophy at Anderson’s College, Glasgow (later to merge to…
Biography: 19th Century photographer Adolphe Braun

Biography: 19th Century photographer Adolphe Braun

Adolphe Braun (1812 – 1877) was a French photographer, best known for his floral still lifes, Parisian street scenes, and grand Alpine landscapes. Braun was born in Besançon in 1812, the eldest child of Samuel Braun, a police officer, and Antoinette Regard. When he was about 10, his family relocated to Mulhouse, a textile manufacturing center in the Alsace region…
Biography: photographer Ilse Bing

Biography: photographer Ilse Bing

Ilse Bing (1899 – 1998) was a German avant-garde and commercial photographer who produced pioneering monochrome images during the inter-war era. Ilse Bing was born into a comfortable Jewish family in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, in 1899. As a child, her education was rich in music and art and her intellectual development was encouraged. In 1920 she enrolled at the University of…
Biography: 19th Century photographic duo Bisson Frères

Biography: 19th Century photographic duo Bisson Frères

Known collectively as the Bisson Frères, the two brothers Louis-Auguste and August-Rosalie Bisson captured Europe’s attention with their striking, large-scale photographs of French churches and historic monuments across Europe. Their breathtaking alpine views shot on an expedition led by Napoleon III to celebrate the return of Savoy to France were widely celebrated, enhancing their reputation for a wide range of…
Biography: 19th Century photographer Samuel Bourne

Biography: 19th Century photographer Samuel Bourne

Samuel Bourne (1834 – 1912) was a British photographer known for his prolific seven years’ work in India, from 1863 to 1870. His name is synonymous with British-Indian photography and he is the most researched and acclaimed colonial photographer. His work gave birth to a studio, Bourne & Shepherd, which still operates in Calcutta. Bourne’s photographs posses a luminescent quality…
Biography: 19th Century photographers Burton Brothers

Biography: 19th Century photographers Burton Brothers

Burton Brothers (1866–1914) was one of New Zealand’s most important nineteenth-century photographic studios and was based in Dunedin, New Zealand. It was founded by Walter John Burton (1836–1880) in 1866 as the Grand Photographic Saloon and Gallery and was situated in Princes Street, Dunedin. Burton was a member of a prominent family of printers, bookbinders and photographers based in Derby,…
Biography: photographer Max Dupain

Biography: photographer Max Dupain

Max Dupain (1911 – 1992) was an Australian modernist photographer. Dupain received his first camera as a gift in 1924, spurring his interest in photography. He later joined the Photographic Society of NSW, where he was taught by Justin Newlan; after completing his tertiary studies, he worked for Cecil Bostock in Sydney. By 1934 Max Dupain had struck out on…
Biography: French pioneer photographer Charles Nègre

Biography: French pioneer photographer Charles Nègre

Charles Nègre (1820–1880) was a pioneering photographer born in Grasse, France. He studied painting under Ingres and Delaroche, another of whose pupils, Gustave Le Gray, introduced him to photography. After a short period of making daguerreotypes, he embraced the calotype process, becoming adept at retouching negatives and printing. He used his pictures as aids to painting and developed his skills…
Biography: Pictorial photographer Harold Cazneaux

Biography: Pictorial photographer Harold Cazneaux

Harold Cazneaux (1878 – 1953) was an Australian pictorialist photographer; a pioneer whose style had an indelible impact on the development of Australian photographic history. Cazneaux moved to Sydney in 1904 and worked in Freeman & Co. Ltd’s studio, becoming manager and chief operator. On 1 September 1905 at Lewisham he married Mabel Winifred Hodge. In his leisure time he…
Biography: German photographer Albert Renger-Patzsch

Biography: German photographer Albert Renger-Patzsch

Albert Renger-Patzsch (1897 – 1966) was a German photographer associated with the New Objectivity. Renger-Patzsch experimented with photography as a teenager. After serving in World War I, he studied chemistry at Dresden Technical College. In 1920 he became director of the picture archive at the Folkwang publishing house in Hagen. In 1925 Renger-Patzsch began to pursue photography as a full-time…