Photography Masters

Biography: 19th Century photographer John Carbutt

Biography: 19th Century photographer John Carbutt

John Carbutt (1832-1905) was the first person to use celluloid for photographic film. Carbutt founded the Keystone Dry Plate Works in 1879 and was the first to develop sheets of celluloid coated with photographic emulsion for making celluloid film in 1888. Carbutt sliced thin plates from a rigid celluloid block, and then coated them with a silver gelatin emulsion to…
Biography: 19th Century Pioneer of Underwater photography – Louis Boutan

Biography: 19th Century Pioneer of Underwater photography – Louis Boutan

Louis Boutan (1859 – 1934) was a French pioneer in the field of underwater photography. In 1880, he was named deputy head assigned to organize the French exhibit at the Melbourne International Exhibition (1880). He stayed in Australia for 18 months, travelling the continent and identifying new animal species. In 1886, Boutan was named maître de conférences at the University…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Jefferson Bingham

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Robert Jefferson Bingham

Robert Jefferson Bingham (1824 – 1870) was an English pioneer photographer, mainly active in France, making portraits and reproductions of paintings. He is one of the first photographers to use and write about the collodion process, which he claimed to have invented. In 1847, he published a new edition of Photogenic manipulation, containing the theory and plain instructions in the…
Biography: 19th Century Pioneer German Women photographer Emilie Bieber

Biography: 19th Century Pioneer German Women photographer Emilie Bieber

Emilie Bieber (1810–1884) was a pioneering German photographer who opened a studio in Hamburg as early as 1852. On 16 September 1852, Bieber opened a daguerrotype studio at 26, Großen Bäckerstraße in Hamburg at a time when photography was practiced almost exclusively by men. As a result, she was one of the very first women to become a professional photographer…
Biography: 19th Century photographer of Snowflakes – Wilson Bentley

Biography: 19th Century photographer of Snowflakes – Wilson Bentley

Wilson “Snowflake” Bentley (1865 – 1931) is one of the first known photographers of snowflakes. He perfected a process of catching flakes on black velvet in such a way that their images could be captured before they either melted or sublimated. He first became interested in snow crystals as a teenager on his family farm. He tried to draw what…
Biography: 19th Century Landscape photographer William Bell

Biography: 19th Century Landscape photographer William Bell

William H. Bell (1830 – 1910) was an English-born American photographer known for his photographs of western landscapes taken as part of the Wheeler expedition in 1872. In his later years, he wrote articles on the dry plate process and other techniques for various photography journals. His career spanning six decades, Bell worked in nearly every major early photographic process,…
Biography: photographer Roger Schall

Biography: photographer Roger Schall

Roger Schall (1904-1995) was a renowned French photographer of the 1930s & 1940s. He worked in all photographic disciplines from fashion, portraits, nudes, still life and reportage. In the early 30s, the “revolution” Leica and Rolleiflex allowed him to fulfill his passion for images taken on the spot. Paris was his main exploration ground, where the night allowed him to…
Biography: 19th Century East Asia photographer Felice Beato

Biography: 19th Century East Asia photographer Felice Beato

Felice Beato (1832 – 1909) was an Italian–British photographer. He was one of the first people to take photographs in East Asia and one of the first war photographers. Because of the existence of a number of photographs signed “Felice Antonio Beato” and “Felice A. Beato”, it was long assumed that there was one photographer who somehow photographed at the…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Richard Beard

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer Richard Beard

Richard Beard (1801 – 1885) was an English entrepreneur and photographer who vigorously protected his photographic business by litigation over his photographic patents and helped to establish professional photography in the UK. In 1839, Beard took an interest in the frenzy of public excitement over the first announcements of practical photographic processes by Daguerre and Talbot. In early 1840, Beard…
Biography: 19th Century Inventor of photography Hippolyte Bayard

Biography: 19th Century Inventor of photography Hippolyte Bayard

Hippolyte Bayard (1801 – 1887) was a French pioneer of photography. He invented his own process that produced direct positive paper prints in the camera and presented the world’s first public exhibition of photographs on 24 June 1839. He claimed to have invented photography earlier than Daguerre in France and Talbot in England, the men traditionally credited with its invention.…
Biography: 19th Century Aerial photographer Arthur Batut

Biography: 19th Century Aerial photographer Arthur Batut

Arthur Batut (1846 – 1918) was a French photographer and pioneer of aerial photography. His book on kite aerial photography appeared in 1890 and contained an aerial photograph taken in 1889 from a kite over Labruguière, where he spent most his life until he died there in 1918. It is believed that in 1887 or 1888 he was the first…
Biography: 19th Century photographer Deloss Barnum

Biography: 19th Century photographer Deloss Barnum

Deloss Barnum (1825–1873) was a photographer in New York and Boston, Massachusetts in the mid-19th century. Around 1857 he kept a daguerreotype studio on Winter Street in Boston; by 1858 he had moved to Commercial Street. In 1856-1860 he lived in Roxbury. He participated in the 1860 exhibition of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. He died October 7, 1873 in…
Biography: 19th Century Royal photographer William Bambridge

Biography: 19th Century Royal photographer William Bambridge

William Bambridge (1820 – 1879) was born in Windsor, Berkshire, England. In 1848 Bambridge joined the studio of William Fox Talbot in the castle at Windsor. In 1854, he was appointed the Royal Photographer to Queen Victoria, remaining in the Queen’s employment for 14 years. His subjects include not only members of the Royal family and their pets but also…
Biography: 19th Century pioneer of Cyanotype photography Anna Atkins

Biography: 19th Century pioneer of Cyanotype photography Anna Atkins

Anna Atkins (1799 – 1871) was an English botanist and photographer. Atkins learned directly from William Henry Fox Talbot about two of his inventions related to photography: the “photogenic drawing” technique (in which an object is placed on light-sensitized paper which is exposed to the sun to produce an image) and calotypes. Atkins was known to have had access to…
Biography: 19th Century Danish Daguerreotypist Mads Alstrup

Biography: 19th Century Danish Daguerreotypist Mads Alstrup

Mads Alstrup (1808-1876) was the first Danish portrait photographer with his own studio. In the summer of 1842, he moved to Copenhagen and set up a daguerreotype studio behind the Hercules Pavilion in the Rosenborg Gardens. In this popular area of the city, he had no difficulty in finding clients interested in having their portraits taken. From 1843 to 1848,…
Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer David Wilkie Wynfield

Biography: 19th Century Portrait photographer David Wilkie Wynfield

David Wilkie Wynfield (1837–1887) was a British painter and photographer. Wynfield was distantly related to the Scottish artist David Wilkie, after whom he was named. Born in India, he was originally intended by his family for the priesthood, but instead chose art as a profession. He studied at Leigh’s art school in the 1850s and his first painting was accepted…
Biography: 19th Century Scottish photographer James Valentine

Biography: 19th Century Scottish photographer James Valentine

James Valentine (1815 – 1879) was a Scottish photographer. Valentine’s of Dundee produced Scottish topographical views from the 1860s. The business Valentine & Sons Ltd was founded in Dundee in 1851 by James Valentine. He added portrait photography to the activities of his established Dundee business, which had been based up to 1851 on the engraving, printing and supply of…
Biography: 19th Century photographer Ivan Standl

Biography: 19th Century photographer Ivan Standl

Ivan Standl (1832 – 1897) was one of the first professional photographers in Zagreb, present-day Croatia, known mostly for his award-winning documentary work. He is the author of the first Croatian photobook, published in 1870. Ivan Standl was of Czech descent and was born in Prague in 1832. It is not known for certain when he moved to Zagreb, but…
Biography: 19th Century photographic studio Sommer and Behles

Biography: 19th Century photographic studio Sommer and Behles

A 19th-century Italian photography studio created by the partnership of photographers Giorgio Sommer (1834-1914) and Edmund Behles (1841-1924). Studios were located in Rome at No. 28 Mario di Fiori, and in Naples at No. 4 Monte di Dio. Each photographer had independent careers and studios prior to and following the partnership which began in 1867 and was dissolved in 1874.